These badminton serving drills are designed to improve your serve beyond what is possible by just improving as you play. With dedication you will see marked improvements to your game.
Singles Badminton Serving Drills
1.Singles High Serve
High serves should always be played towards the middle of the court, not towards a corner.
The high serve is probably the best choice for most players, as your opponent is likely to be weakest in the far rear of the court, and it gives plenty of time after serving to prepare for the next shot.
Explore how your opponent responds to high serves. Not many players are able to reply with a powerful smash off a high serve, and many have trouble making consistent, solid contact with a vertically falling shuttlecock. It may be that your opponent frequently mishits the shuttlecock when you play a high serve.
A high serve is probably an unwise choice against a player with a powerful smash, or with deceptive, accurate drop shots.
2.Singles Low Serve
This is by far the most common serve in high-level men’s singles, as it avoids the threat from a powerful smash.
The low serve is most effective when played straight to the service T, or directly at the receiver. Playing this serve wide should be avoided, because you offer better angles of return to your opponent and will have trouble covering the straight replies.
With the low serve you have the versatility to play either forehand or backhand; the backhand version is more common, but both are used at the highest level of play. If you choose the backhand version, however, make sure you can also play a good backhand flick serve!
This is the serve to use if you want to lead the rally towards starting with net play. You must be able to react quickly after serving as you will not have much time to cover both the front and the back of the court.
3.Singles Flick Serve
The flick serve is mainly useful as a variation on your low serve. The purpose of this variation is to prevent your opponent from gaining an early advantage by anticipating your low serve.
The flick serve must be played with enough height to prevent your opponent intercepting it in the midcourt; and it must land in the back tramlines. If you fail to get enough height or length, then your opponent can play a violent smash.
Many players will have difficulty achieving this when serving backhand; you will need to develop good technique to generate enough racket head speed. In the meantime, consider using a forehand serve instead.
Unlike the high serve deception described above, this service variation does not affect the accuracy of your low serve. Moreover, because flick serves place your opponent under movement pressure, this deception actually has a purpose other than vanity.
At high levels of play, the flick serve is usually aimed wide to the corner, and not towards the middle. This is because playing the flick serve wide creates greater movement pressure.
Doubles Badminton Serving Drills
4.Doubles Short Serve Drill
The short serve is the most common serve variant in profesional doubles matches. this serve is much more difficult to attack than other serves as it begins to fall below net height as soon as it passes the net.
The straight short serve takes the least time to cross the net as it has the shortest distance to travel. This gives your opponent much less time to react when playing this serve.
With a good low serve, your opponents attacking options are much more limited than with other serves. they cannot play a drop shot or smash the shuttle.
You should generaly play the serve straight to the service T. Playing the low serve straight has two big advantages:
- It takes the least time to cross the net.
- It limits your opponent’s angles of reply the most.
serving straight limits your competition’s angles of attack,as, any net shots or pushes must pass through your hitting area; giving you more chance to intercept them.
Playing this serve at the receiver’s front foot is also a good tactic . It will give slightly better angles of reply here, but it will be difficult for him to decide whether to play a forehand or a backhand. As a result, his grip change may be slower and he may force an error.
Many players like to use the wide low serve, as this makes them feel they are attacking the empty space.
This, however, gives your opponent better angles of attack! Playing the serve wide opens up the court to straight returns into the tramlines.
The wide serve should be used more as an occasional variation. By playing it every now and then, doubt is planted in your opponent’s mind and give him more options to worry about.
5.Doubles Flick Serve Alternated with Short Serve Drill
Although the flick serve is not as good as the low serve, it’s useful to play flick serves from time to time in order to stop your opponent anticipating your low serve.
If you have always served low, then your opponent will start to gamble on you repeating this pattern. This allows them to react much quicker when you serve, and attack it better.
If, occasionally, you use flick serves, however, your opponent will need to anticipate both types of serve.
Arguably, the wide flick serve is better than the straight flick serve, as:
- It forces the receiver to move farther.
- If he attacks, his shots will have to come from one of the corners rather than down the middle, which is easier to defend against.
The wide serve is harder to do, however, so only play it if you can consistently make the full distance and height!
6.Serves with a returner
All these serves should also, if possible, be drilled with a partner to return the serve. This will allow you to judge how you are progressing and get feedback from your partner on any improvements and or mistakes. One of the things you should concentrate on with this drill is learning not to telegraph your shot through your body language and positioning.
These badminton serving drills, if performed regularly, will have a marked improvement on the results of your competitive games. Focus on technique is by far the most important aspect and when combined with learning how not to give away what shot you are about to take will give the greatest improvement.